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Tree Traversal with Recursion in JAVA Example
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

 * Staff is the class which has hierarchy structure of employee information.
class Employee {
    public int id;
    public String name;
    public Employee(int id, String name) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
    public List<Employee> employees = new ArrayList<>();

public class TreeTraversalUsingRecursion {
     * findEmployee with recursion   
    static int findEmployee(Employee employee, int id) {
        /* Base Case */
        System.out.println(id+">>Testing with>>"+employee.id);
        if (id == employee.id) {
            System.out.println("Found returning: "+id);
            return id;
        /* Recursion Case */
        for (Employee subEmployee : employee.employees) {
            int result = findEmployee(subEmployee, id);
            if (result != 0) {
                /* id is found */
                System.out.println("Found in return call: "+result);
                return result;
        /* Not found at any place */
        System.out.println("Not found in any place....");
        return 0;
    public static void main(String[] args) {
         * Creating all three levels of employees.
        Employee firstLevel = new Employee(1,"Sarathy");
        Employee secondLevel_1 = new Employee(2,"Laya");
        Employee secondLevel_2 = new Employee(3,"Vidhyaa");
        Employee thirdLevel_1 = new Employee(4, "Ram");
        Employee thirdLevel_2 = new Employee(5, "Raja");
        Employee thirdLevel_3 = new Employee(6, "Siva");
        Employee thirdLevel_4 = new Employee(7, "Kumar");
         * Linking third level employees to second level employees.
        List<Employee> secondLevel_1_List = new ArrayList<>();
        secondLevel_1.employees = secondLevel_1_List;
        List<Employee> secondLevel_2_List = new ArrayList<>();
        secondLevel_2.employees = secondLevel_2_List;
         * Linking second level employees to first level employee.
        List<Employee> firstLevel_List = new ArrayList<>();
        firstLevel.employees = firstLevel_List;
         * calling stack recursive iteration method to find employee id in the tree.
        int foundId1 = findEmployee(firstLevel, 7);
        int foundId2 = findEmployee(firstLevel, 4);
7>>Testing with>>1
7>>Testing with>>2
7>>Testing with>>4
7>>Testing with>>5
7>>Testing with>>3
7>>Testing with>>6
7>>Testing with>>7
4>>Testing with>>1
4>>Testing with>>2
4>>Testing with>>4
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